Welke omgevings- en interactie- factoren spelen een rol bij de verspreiding van ziekteverwekkers?

What are the environmental and host-pathogen factors that influence how pathogens spread?The worldwide control of malaria, tuberculosis, HIV and arboviruses is challenged by pathogen resistance to antimicrobials, the absence of effective vaccines and infection control programs, climate changes and, in many endemic settings, inadequate health systems to implement existing and novel intervention tools. The ambitious international goals to halt and reverse the spread of these diseases, require a thorough understanding of disease biology, the development of novel drugs and vaccines and a solid imbedding of interventions in the health systems in disease endemic countries.